Hiboy Official:07 Apr, 2023

E-Bike Classifications - All You Need to Know

Electric bicycles
have become increasingly popular in recent years, offering an eco-friendly and cost-effective alternative to traditional modes of transportation. However, with the growing number of electric bicycle options, you might be confused about the different classifications of these vehicles. 

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In this blog,  we will here explore the various types of electric bicycles available on the market, and why there are different classifications of e-bikes.

Classification by Riding Pattern

The way of riding can be divided into two types: electric self-propelled and power-assisted

What is the electric self-propelled type?  It means that the rider does not need to exert himself. When the rider twists the throttle, as long as the power is connected, the electric motor on the electric bicycle turns and drives the electric bicycle through the transmission device. The speed can be controlled by the handle or throttle, and the speed can be changed stepless from 0 to 20km/h. 

The power-assisted type is a combination of human power and electric power, with human power as the mainstay and electric power as assistance. Once the rider provides pedal force to the motor when pedaling hard, the amount of assistance can be transmitted to the computer chip in the controller through intelligent sensors, which "directs" the motor to apply the corresponding power to make the e-bike travel at the desired speed.

Why Are The Classes & Classifications Used in E-Bikes?

For the sake of riders' and other people’s security, each state or country in the U.S. publishes local laws and regulations to determine the classifications of e-bikes, which are based on the top speed or the operating pattern of the e-bikes. To distinguish the e-bike and motorcycle, the feature of ebikes must follow:

  • Equipped with operable and usable pedal and throttle.
  • The motor watts can not exceed 750w
  • The top speed of the e-bikes reaches no more than 20MPH or 28MPH

    What Are The Classifications of E-bikes?

     That’s said above, we can generally say that the classifications of e-bikes will be determined by whether to utilize throttle or pedal assistance. 

    Class 1 Electric Bike:

    The Class 1 e-bikes will provide assistance powered by the motor when you pedal, and it will cut off the power output to limit the e-bike speed rise when you reach a maximum speed of 20 MPH. It is ideal for bike paths or any recreational riding.

    Class 2 Electric Bike:

    The class 2 e-bikes are equipped with both pedal and throttle, you can pedal it up in the same way as class 1, or you can only utilize the throttle to free your feet. And whatever the way you choose to ride, the maximum speed is 20 MPH the same as class 1.

    Class 3 Electric Bike:

    The Class-3 e-bikes are somehow the same as Class-1 e-bikes in terms of riding way. It also utilizes pedal assistance and peaks at 28MPH. Of the high acceleration brought by the powerful motor of class 3 e-bikes, generally, it is banned to ride on bike paths.

    Here is a table that clearly showcases the different features between various of classes e-bikes

    Class 1 Ebike

    Class 2 Ebike

    Class 3 Ebike

    Pedal  Assistance








    Maximum Assist  Speed





    Which Class of E-bike Is Better?

    There is no commonly known saying that states which class of electric bikes is better than another, or vice versa. The choice between different classes of e-bikes largely depends on individual preferences and needs.

    Class 1 electric bikes and Class 3 all feature a motor that provides pedal assistance, class 1 ebikes can reach 20MPH, and class 3 ebikes can up to 28 mph, but are generally restricted to roads and bike lanes.

    Class 2 electric bikes have a motor that provides assistance up to 20 mph, and a throttle that can be used to power the bike without pedaling

    Some riders may prefer the faster speed and more powerful motor of Class 3 electric bike, while others may prefer the simplicity and ease of use of Class 1 or Class 2 e-bike. Ultimately, the choice between different classes of e-bikes depends on the rider's individual preferences, needs, and local regulations.

    Hiboy all-line electric bicycle feature in Class 3, which give you strong power assistance and let you have a comfortable riding experience.