Leon Wang:24 Aug, 2023

Essential Electric Bike Care: A Beginner's Guide to Maintenance

Essential Electric Bike Care


Electric bikes are gaining popularity worldwide, and it can be seen in their growing sales numbers even across the U.S. Precedence Research expectations say that by the decade's end, the industry may witness a global boom of around $40.98 billion. Electric bikes pave the way towards an alternative to carpooling and make the ride convenient yet comfortable. 

But even electric bikes need proper maintenance to ensure optimal performance and longevity. So, we are here to guide you about the same so you can enjoy the ride for longer intervals.

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How Often Does an Ebike Need Maintenance?

An E-bike being an output of advanced technology, is a vehicle to enhance user convenience. However, being a technological masterpiece, this work of art requires equal attention towards its care and maintenance to keep it going for a longer run smoothly. It will also cut down sudden excessive repair costs.

You may get the required assistance for this in the e-bike's manual, or if your e-bike is equipped with a service alarm programmed in its computer, you can expect timely reminders for cleaning.

Getting Started with Electric Bike Maintenance

You can do maintenance of your e-bike by having a handy knowledge of some essential tools and equipment needed for its maintenance. Every e-bike is assisted with a manufacturer's manual, which is quite helpful in gaining insights about the e-bike's parts and tire maintenance in detail. It makes you familiarize yourself with the various features, their operations, and their utility before you try your hands on it for riding. 

It will give you a better understanding of the motor, speed controller, and battery pack of your e-bike. Moreover, you can find handy information related to troubleshooting issues that may arise with any of the parts. Besides this, it covers maintenance tips that aid the smooth running of the e-bike during replacement or repairs, along with safety guidelines to be followed while working with a motor or battery, as these are electrical components.

These are very useful for first-time riders and help regular ones maintain their e-bikes carefully.

Regular Maintenance Tasks

Some maintenance tasks are needed to be performed from time to time to avoid huge losses in the future. Here we are discussing some aspects that you need to keep in check.

Cleaning and Inspection

Your e-bike frame must be cleaned regularly daily. You can use cleaning products that do not have alcohol or petroleum distillates; instead, you can use biodegradable and water-based, nonabrasive products. It will prevent the wearing off of rubber seals and the paint of your e-bike.

While cleaning, please pay attention to any cracks or dents, especially where it attaches to the wheel, as it can be dangerous. Also, look for cracks or wear and tear on the accessories and other components, as LCD screens may need immediate replacement. 

Besides this, you must have noticed that the drive trains for e-bikes are heavier and have many gear ranges. You must locate any loose bolts and replace them or tight; otherwise, they may suddenly come out and create an issue while traveling. Double-check for any bearings or bushings issues, as these require lubrication occasionally to avoid friction. WD-40 is the ideal lubricant as it prevents rust for a longer time.

Battery Health

The battery is the heart of your e-bike, so if it is not in good health, the e-bike may break at any time. Most e-bikes have lithium-ion batteries, but keeping them in good health for longer intervals requires proper and timely charging to avoid drying out. But ensure not to overcharge or charge at night as it will impact the battery's health. Also, if you store the battery during winter or for a longer time, charge it fully before keeping it aside.

For maintaining an e-bike's battery health, an apt and compatible charger is a must. Ensure you are using the right one as the manufacturer recommends or mentioned in the manual, and use the correct amperage and voltage ratings to charge appropriately. Keeping the battery terminals dry ensures there is no grime, dirt, or oil, so wiping the battery with a dry cloth helps you avoid any corrosion.

Keeping the battery case devoid of any cracks also ensures the absence of moisture. Also, eliminating water before connecting the battery to a power source extends its life.

A dry, cool place not receiving sunlight or high temperatures directly, like a garage, is apt for storing e-bike batteries. Also, avoiding moist or humid areas close to the kitchen sink for battery storage helps greatly.

Tire and Wheel Care

You often ignore tire pressure, but it is the most important thing to keep your bike running for a long time. A weekly checkup must be done to avoid a flat tire when least expecting it. 

You must notice the tire tread depth to ensure they are holding up seamlessly. In case they are not, you may have a loose grip on the terrain you are traveling on, which may worsen your balance in snow and rain conditions.

Also, look for any damage to your bike's wheels and determine if they are worn out, as it will disable them from holding much air. If you notice any cracks on the tire's surface, you must replace them immediately.

Take Good Care of Your Brakes and Chain 

Doing brake inspection occasionally ensures brake pads are in place, or if the rotors are worn out, they can be replaced. Brake cables must be in order and not fraying. Also, the chain must be lubricated regularly as it helps transfer the power to the rear wheel from the pedals. So if it's dirty or damaged, it will affect the efficiency of cassettes and gears. Using a cleaning kit with the right brushes, a scrubbing cloth, and cleaning solutions helps chain maintenance. However, you can also rely on homemade solutions like baking soda and lemon juice, which come together as a perfect DIY degreasing solution for scrubbing grime and dirt. Adding some hot water to these can be an added benefit.



An e-bike is a good investment for your daily commute, and once done, you may prefer to avoid incurring this expense repeatedly. So, to ensure this, regular maintenance of various parts of your e-bike aids in prolonging its lifespan. E.g., paying close attention to its battery and keeping it dry can allow you to use the same battery for longer years. 

As an e-bike owner, you must maintain a routine to properly clean and check various components like batteries, screws, bearings, motors, etc. From time to time. Apart from making sure you are safe it will prevent you from any mishap that may occur due to negligence. If you are incapacitated to do this on your own, you can take the help of a local mechanic to do the same, but avoiding it can put you at risk. So, be alert and be safe.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I wash my e-bike with water?

Your electric bike has sensitive parts such as battery, motor, and controls on the handlebar and a display. Although all these are water resistant, they may get damaged if you use high-pressure water directly. Similarly, if you use strong chemical cleaners, they may also affect the suspension or bearings of the e-bike. So, it is better not to use water directly on these parts.

What's the best way to maintain my e-bike battery?

You can maintain your e-bike battery by not charging it to a 100% level. It is so because you may notice degradation in lithium bikes over time, and assigning them to a voltage higher than the optimum may create a degradation. So, set the battery once it reaches 30-60% of the remaining capacity. 

How often should I lubricate the chain and drivetrain?

The chain and drivetrain are the dirtiest parts of an e-bike, and they may affect your bike's longevity to a significant extent. E-bike experts recommend cleaning and lubricating your bike's drivetrain and chain at least once a month. 

Should I attempt advanced maintenance tasks on my own?

You can do a tire scan and see if they are correctly inflated. Also, look for alignment, lubrication, brakes, cables, battery, and sensors. However, you will need an expert for advanced maintenance to regularly check these crucial aspects and connections to keep them working. So, refrain from trying these high-maintenance tasks personally.

How can I store my e-bike during the winter months?

E-bikes have some temperature-sensitive components that may not work optimally in extreme temperatures. So, it would help if you tried storing your e-bike in a dry, cool place that is not humid and is covered. A garage is a preferable place for the same.